FOR EVERY PHYSICAL ASPECT THERE IS AN EMOTIONAL AND MENTAL ASPECT – which you cannot separate.
These are the fundamental needs but the devil is in the detail and each dog is an individual. What works for one will not work for another which is why we advise not to use “hit and run” advice, especially from social media.
Health – Exercise, Movement, Physical health and how that affects mental health.
Behaviour – how your dog responds to external and internal environment and being able to express natural drives for thier species and breed and inviduality.
Environment – feeling safe, sheltered.
Nutrition – what goes in and what comes out.
Here are a few examples. Feeling safe is one example of how each of these needs is involved.